Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea (CSA) and mixed sleep apnea - the three types of sleep apnea.
Although OSA and CSA have similar symptoms, treatment for the two different types of sleep apnea slightly varies.
Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type and a physical issue. OSA involves obstruction of the individual's airway. A respiratory obstruction occurs when a person is asleep. This obstruction can be caused when a tissue in the upper throat collapses causing the air to block and breathing is stopped temporarily. Finally, lack of oxygen lungs to suck in the air.
Since Central Sleep Apnea is a neurological issue unlike obstructive sleep apnea that is a physical issue. This type of sleep apnea involves the brain's area and nerves that control breathing do not work properly causing respiratory depression. There are some factors that can put individuals in danger of developing central sleep apnea. These factors include: being male; diagnosed with congestive heart failure or atrial fibrillation; stroke or brain tumor live at high altitudes; and taking some medicines that affect breathing.
As you can assume from the name, the Mixed Sleep problem is a combination of both obstructive sleep problems and central sleep disorder. And as the name, treatment for mixed sleep disorders can be a combination of treatments for both obstructive sleep disorder and central sleep disorder.
While the same type of test is used to diagnose all three types of sleep disorder. The treatments vary slightly since obstructive sleep problems are a physical disease, while central sleep disorder is a neurological disorder.
For a mild fall of any of the three types of sleep disorders lifestyle changes like losing weight or smoking can help. However, if the person's sleep disturbance is difficult, there are a number of treatments available.
Treatment for obstructive sleep disease may involve a surgical procedure to remove excess tissue that causes airway blockage.
The surgical procedure for removing excess tissue is called a Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP). With this procedure, tissue is removed from the upper part of the throat and behind the mouth, usually also tonsils and adenoids are removed.
A jaw correction process is also a form of treatment for OSA. This procedure is called a maxillomandibular progress and is performed by an oral surgeon and an orthodontist. With this procedure, the upper and lower parts of the jaw move forward from the facial legs.
Implant is another procedure offered to individuals diagnosed with OSA. This procedure is called the pillar and is minimally invasive. Three small polyester rods are inserted into the palate. When the cures cure, they support the tissue in the palate and reduce upper airway congestion. This treatment works best for individuals who have a mild or moderate fall of OSA.
Too severe, life-threatening sleep disturbance and all other treatments have failed, a tracheostomy (surgical opening in the neck) is performed. A metal or plastic tube is inserted into the opening in the neck. This opening is covered during a person's awake hours and revealed during sleeping hours to allow air to bypass the blocked air passage.
Some treatments are successful for people with sleep disorders, such as oral devices and positive airway pressure. These therapies are used for all types of sleep disorders.
Oral devices or nozzles are designed and equipped by a dentist specializing in dental care detergents. These oral devices can be designed to relieve airway blocking by pushing the jaw forward or holding the tongue in a different position.
The second option is sleeping with a device across the nose that applies positive airway pressure. This treatment works best for moderate or severe sleep disturbance. These devices are called a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device or a bilevel positive airway pressure (bilevel PAP) device.
The CPAP device means that the person wears a mask over the nose while sleeping. The mask is attached by a hose to a device that holds an air pump that supplies constant compressed air. This compressed air keeps the upper airway open and prevents airway shutdown.
Bilevel PAP device means that the person wears a mask over the nose while sleeping and the mask is attached by a hose to a pump that gives air; However, unlike the CPAP machine that supplies constant compressed air, bilevel PAP has a higher pressure when an individual inhales and a lower pressure when the individual exhales.